Ichthyofauna from the middle and upper stretches of rio Tibagi basin, Paraná, Brazil
Keywords:conservation, icththyofauna, rivers, rio Tibagi basin, upper rio Paraná
AbstractThe ichthyofauna of four stretches of rio Tibagi hydrographic basin was monthly sampled from May 2001 to April 2002, with gillnets (totalling 1,000 m²) in order to analyze the dominance, constancy and similarity indexes. A total of 68 species (32 Characiformes, 32 Siluriformes, 2 Gymnotiformes and 2 Perciformes) and 2,758 individuals were captured. The stretch with greatest richness of species was Tibagi abaixo (50 species), followed by Tibagi acima (40 species), Iapó (35) and Fortaleza (14). In Fortaleza occurred the smallest number of species, but the greatest abundance was verified with 508 of 877 captured individuals of Astyanax paranae, what elevated the place’s dominance index to 37.9%. The ten more abundant species corresponded to 65.5% of the total specimens collected, presenting a proportion that varied from 3.9 to 18.6%. From the greatest to smallest percentage, the species were A. paranae, Astyanax fasciatus, Prochilodus lineatus, Hypostomus sp. I, Hypostomus regani, Rhamdia quelen, Astyanax eigenmanniorum, Apareiodon ibitiensis, Apareiodon affinis and Leporinus amblyrhynchus. In frequency of occurrence, 25 species were captured in only one of the stretches; 11 in two stretches; 25 in three; and only R. quelen, A. ibitiensis and A. affinis were captured in all of the stretches. Many migratory species were captured, with highlight to P. lineatus and Salminus brasiliensis. The ichthyofauna of Fortaleza, Iapó, Tibagi acima and Tibagi abaixo differed significantly in richness of species, indicating that the fish assemblages are different among stretches. From similarity analysis of Bray-Curtis among stretches, the greatest similarity was verified among Tibagi acima and Tibagi abaixo, followed by Iapó and, finally, Fortaleza. On the other hand, in similarity analyses of Jaccard, the greatest similarity was among Iapó and Tibagi acima, followed by Tibagi abaixo and Fortaleza.
How to Cite
Shibatta, O. A., Gealh, A. M., & Bennemann, S. T. (2007). Ichthyofauna from the middle and upper stretches of rio Tibagi basin, Paraná, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 7(2). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/290