First record of the invasive alien species Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Brazil


  • Jonas Sponchiado Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, CCNE, Programa de Pós-graduação em Biodiversidade Animal
  • Geruza Leal Melo Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, CCBS, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ecologia e Conservação
  • Nilton Carlos Cáceres Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento de Biologia, Laboratório de Ecologia e Biogeografia


Pampas biome, introduction, exotic species, interference competition, Ozotoceros bezoarticus


The exotic alien species Axis axis was introduced in the Americas at the beginning of last century and since then has established itself, expanding its distribution. This is the first record of this species in Brazil. In the extreme south of the country, an individual of A. axis was recorded with a camera trap in the Espinilho State Park. The area is close to the border of Uruguay and Argentina, countries where the species is established and from where this individual presumably originated. The Pampas biome is strongly disturbed by human activity in Brazil and since many native mammal species such as the Pampas deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus are threatened regionally. It is alarming that exotic populations can potentially rapidly expand their ranges in the region, as A. axis deer has done in Uruguay and Argentina. Possible consequences for this invasion are discussed.




How to Cite

Sponchiado, J., Melo, G. L., & Cáceres, N. C. (2011). First record of the invasive alien species Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 11(3). Retrieved from //



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