Diversity of mollusks in streams of a montane region in southern Brazil
Keywords:freshwater mollusks, rithral zone, South America, gastropods, bivalves
AbstractStream mollusks in a region of slope in southern Brazil (Toropi River Basin) were inventoried by means of collections conducted in 40 sites, in altitudes ranging from 70 to 500 meters. At a whole, 18 species were found, represented predominantly by gastropods (11 species, 89.5% of the individuals). Potamolithus catharinae andUncancylus concentricus were the dominant species. The latter was also well distributed, occurring in 81% of the sampling sites. Among the bivalves, only the invasive Asian clam Corbicula fluminea was abundant, but it occurred in only one sampling site. Four species were rare, being represented by less than three individuals, and the Unionoida were represented by two species only. Dominance and diversity of gastropods were higher than the bivalves, reflecting the gravel substrate of stream beds in the Toropi River Basin. The low richness recorded in the area studied is related to paucity of fine sediments and macrophytes in the streams, factors that commonly favors mollusks diversity. This condition also characterizes other southern Brazilian streams.
How to Cite
Sá, R. L. de, Santin, L., Amaral, A. M. B. do, Martello, A. R., & Kotzian, C. B. (2013). Diversity of mollusks in streams of a montane region in southern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 13(3). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1258