Relationships among Sciaenidae fish (Teleostei: Perciformes) and Penaeoidea shrimp (Decapoda: Dendrobranchiata) biomass from the north coast of São Paulo State, Brazil
Keywords:sciaenids, penaeids, Ubatuba, Caraguatatuba, São Sebastião, ANCOVA
AbstractTo study the relationships among Sciaenidae fish and Penaeoidea shrimp biomass, fieldwork was carried out in the north coast of São Paulo state, Brazil, during the four seasons of 2001. Samples were collected in transects from different depths at Ubatuba, Caraguatatuba, and São Sebastião cities. Water and sediment were collected from each transect. The hypotheses that the environmental factors were different among the seasons and depths were tested by ANOVAs. The statistical dependence among the biomasses of fishes (response variable) and the biomasses of shrimps (covariable) in the three sections was tested by an ANCOVA model. CCA was used to quantify the relationships among each species’ biomass. The seasons and sections important at the CCA results were evaluated by Kruskal-Wallis test and depth by Spearman’s test. The temperatures and salinities were significantly different among seasons but organic matter and phi were not. A total of 378,618 g of fish and 79,338 g of shrimp were collected and the majority was captured during the winter and in shallow transects. The greatest biomass of both groups was captured at Caraguatatuba and the correlation between fish and shrimp captures was negative. A positive correlation was found in the other areas. Therefore, data from Caraguatatuba was removed from the final ANCOVA model, in which 47% of Sciaenidae biomass variability was explained by the presence of Penaeoidea shrimps. Xiphopenaeus kroyeri was the only important factor in Sciaenidae distribution in the axis 1, while axis 2 indirectly evidenced the depth gradient. The results suggest that many fish species search for the same areas where shrimp occurs, related to abiotic factors, and use them as food resource.
How to Cite
Souza, U. P., Costa, R. C. da, Martins, I. A., & Fransozo, A. (2008). Relationships among Sciaenidae fish (Teleostei: Perciformes) and Penaeoidea shrimp (Decapoda: Dendrobranchiata) biomass from the north coast of São Paulo State, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 8(1). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/368