Composition and diversity of A nuran amphibians in two Atlantic Forest environments in Southeastern Brazil, Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, São Paulo, Brazil
Keywords:Amphibia, biodiversity, colonizing species, conservation, dominance, relative abundance, species richness, tropical forest
AbstractThe Atlantic Forest is characterized by its high species richness and endemism, and is one of the 25 hotspots of biodiversity around the world. We present information on composition and diversity of anuran amphibians in two environments with different degrees of disturbance in Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, São Paulo state, an area of Atlantic Rain Forest in southeastern Brazil. We sampled an artificial pond in a disturbed area and a pond in a preserved area by audio sampling and incidental encounters, in 36 nights in each habitat. We compared the species composition, richness, dominance, and relative abundance between the two habitats. Despite distant only ca. 400 m, we recorded only two species in common between the two habitats. We recorded in the disturbed area 10 species (N = 518) with 46.7% of dominance of Hypsiboas albopunctatus; and in the preserved habitat we recorded 11 species (N = 656) with 36.0% of dominance of Dendropsophus giesleri. Richness was not significantly different between the habitats. The estimated dominance by rarefaction in the preserved habitat was significantly lower than that in the disturbed habitat. The capability of some species populations in colonizing the disturbed habitat, the distinct physiological tolerance among species, and the dependence on specific microhabitats for reproduction are possible factors related to the observed patterns. We suggest that additional alterations of the Atlantic Forest cover inside the reserve might result in a decrease of alpha-diversity by eliminating forest dependent species, as well as a consequently increase in beta-diversity by the colonization of open area species that are ecologically more generalist. The slightly higher richness and mainly lower dominance observed in the preserved area indicate it is the habitat with higher species diversity. Thus, the presence of old-growth and/or conserved forests in the reserve is essential to maintain the local anuran diversity.
How to Cite
Moraes, R. A. de, Sawaya, R. J., & Barrella, W. (2007). Composition and diversity of A nuran amphibians in two Atlantic Forest environments in Southeastern Brazil, Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, São Paulo, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 7(2). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/279