Brazilian assessment on biodiversity and ecosystem services: summary for policy makers
Keywords:Sustainable use, direct and indirect drivers, land use, climate change, policy instrument, global commitments
AbstractAbstract: Biodiversity and ecosystems are important elements for addressing national and global socioeconomic and environmental crises, since they provide new development opportunities, for example, as source of job and income creation, and reduction in poverty and socioeconomic inequity. Brazilian biological diversity is also expressed in its immense cultural diversity, with a great variety of knowledge holders. These peoples possess vast knowledge on agrobiodiversity, fishing, fire management, natural medicine, among others of commercial, cultural and spiritual value. The main conclusions of this Summary for Police Makers is that land use changes and climate changes have been - and will continue to be throughout this century - the main drivers that result in the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the country. Political interventions at different levels (from local to national, from public to private) and the enforcement of existing laws (regulatory mechanisms and incentives) are required to cope with the mitigation of the negative impacts of biodiversity and ecosystem services loss. Brazil has already a wide variety of policy instruments and socioenvironmental governance options, as well as global commitments (ODS, Aich Targets, Paris Agreement) related to the objective of a sustainable future. However, inefficient management control or lack of incentive to comply with the rules pose risks to consolidating the path to this future. The country has strong and capable institutions, but infrastructural problems, slow processes, inefficient measurements and judicial, social and ecological conflicts obstruct a proficient performance. There is a lack of communication between science and society which needs to be improved by establishing an effective flow that makes communication inclusive and representative, reaching public and private decision makers. Permanent efforts to integrate Science and policy knowledges are desirable to build confidence between policy makers and researchers.
How to Cite
Joly, C. A., Scarano, F. R., Bustamante, M., Gadda, T. M. C., Metzger, J. P. W., Seixas, C. S., Ometto, J. P. H., Pires, A. P. F., Boesing, A. L., Sousa, F. D. R., Quintão, J. M. B., Gonçalves, L. R., Padgurschi, M. de C. G., Aquino, M. F. dos S. de, Castro, P. F. D. de, & Santos, I. L. dos. (2019). Brazilian assessment on biodiversity and ecosystem services: summary for policy makers. Biota Neotropica, 19(4). Retrieved from https://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1687
Points of View