Floristic composition and similaritie between areas of Montane Atlantic Rainforest, São Paulo, Brazil
Keywords:tree species diversity, forest structure, pristine and secondary forest, Serra do Mar State Park, BIOTA Functional Gradient Project
AbstractThe study was conducted in two areas of Montana Atlantic Rainforest at Núcleo Santa Virgínia, Serra do Mar State Park, Brazil. The aim was to investigate structural and floristic composition of each area and the differences between them, knowing that one has not been disturbed recently and the other was subjected to selective logging until 1970, as reported by local people. We installed two 1 ha (PLOT K and PLOT N), approximately 4 km away from each other, and within this plots all individuals with DBH > 4.8 cm were recorded. Considering the two plots we sampled 3,503 individuals (2,269 trees - 64.7%; 860 palms - 24.5%; and 159 ferns - 4.5%), distributed in 265 species and 51 families. The rest (215 individuals) was dead. Among the most abundant families (Arecaceae, Myrtaceae, Lauraceae, Cyatheaceae) Monimiaceae is the only one classified as typical of the Montane Ombrophylus Dense Atlantic Forest. Euterpe edulis Mart. (Arecaceae) is the dominant species in PLOT K (old), where we recorded 1,852 individuals, 189 species and 43 families, with Myrtaceae (48), Lauraceae (26) and Monimiaceae (13) presenting the higher number of species. It is important to mention that clumps of a native bamboo (Merostachys neesii Ruprecht, Poaceae) are present in 93 of the 100 subparcels of PLOT K, summing up 3,813 culms. In contrast, in PLOT N (secondary) where palm heart (Euterpe edulis) is also the dominant species but bamboos are not so conspicuous, we recorded 1436 individuals, 149 species and 40 families, with Myrtaceae (27), Lauraceae (15) and Fabaceae (eight) being the ones with higher number of species. In the plot of secondary forest (N) Shannon's diversity index (H' = 4.05 ) and the eveness index (J ' = 0.8) are higher than those recorded in the old plot of forest (K) where H' = 3,72 nats.ind-1 and J' = 0.7. Plots K and N have a low similarity (Jaccard index C J = 0,3), with only 94 species (34,47%) in common, and 102 (38,5%) occurring exclusively in PLOT K. However, the maximum estimate of species expected at the point of rarefaction of PLOT N (IC 95% - 158.54) overlaps with the minimum estimate of species at the same point of PLOT K (95% - 157.12), showing that the number of species of both areas would be equivalent in the number of 1,420 individuals. Although the largest tree sampled was found in PLOT K, where forest stratification is more evident, there is no significant difference between the sums of basal area of living individuals. Considering the disturbance history of the region, the results suggest that forest structure recovery may occur within 25 years but, as shown by the total number of species and by the diversity parameters determined, species richness does not recover within this time frame.
How to Cite
Padgurschi, M. de C. G., Pereira, L. de S., Tamashiro, J. Y., & Joly, C. A. (2011). Floristic composition and similaritie between areas of Montane Atlantic Rainforest, São Paulo, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 11(2). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/784