Reef fishes captured by recreational spearfishing on reefs of Bahia State, northeast Brazil
Keywords:overfishing, coral reefs, Salvador, Litoral Norte, Baixo Sul
AbstractAlthough recreational spearfishing is a growing activity, its impacts are poorly understood. This paper aims to present data on reef fishes captured by recreational spearfishing in the Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. We analyzed 168 photos of spearfishing conducted in the reefs of this region between 2006 and 2008. A total of 1.121 fish belonging to 48 species were captured in three sub-regions of the Bahia coastline: Litoral Norte (LN), Salvador (SSA) and Baixo Sul (BS). The main species caught were: Scomberomorus brasiliensis (n = 191), Sphyraena barracuda (n = 153), Lutjanus jocu (n = 150) and Caranx bartholomaei (n = 141); these four species represented 56.5% of total captures. Over the sampling period, the highest values of catch rates per day were observed at BS, followed by SSA and LN. There were significant between-sites differences in the number of fish in the number of species caught. However, there were no significant between-years differences in the number of fish and numbers of species caught. The trophic classification of fish showed that carnivores (n = 623) were more frequently captured, followed by piscivores (n = 371), herbivores (n = 101) and invertivores (n = 26). The results showed that high sized, top predatory fishes, were the main targets, although other trophic levels were also captured.
How to Cite
Nunes, J. de A. C. da C., Medeiros, D. V., Reis-Filho, J. A., Sampaio, C. L. S., & Barros, F. (2012). Reef fishes captured by recreational spearfishing on reefs of Bahia State, northeast Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 12(1). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/915