Reassessment of the extinction risk status of the ponytail palm Beaucarnea inermis
AbstractAbstract Beaucarnea inermis is an endemic species from Northeast Mexico, in the states of San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas. It is appreciated as an ornamental plant, so its populations are subject to the poaching of individuals for illegal trade. Previous studies determined that their populations have been affected due to the disturbance since the incidence of anthropogenic activities affects the viability of the species. Here we determine the current conservation status of B. inermis and identify their main risk factor by performing an extinction risk assessment based on the Annex II “Method for Evaluation of Risk of Extinction of Plants in Mexico”. We studied 10 populations of B. inermis from protected and non-protected areas in San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas. We considered the MER criteria: A) geographical distribution characteristics, B) habitat characteristics, C) intrinsic biological vulnerability, and D) impact of human activity. Using field and analyzed data, the MER assessment gives 1.91 points that confirm B. inermis is correctly classified as an Endangered species. The natural protected areas where the species occurs represent cores for its protection; however, the surface of these areas may not be sufficient without biological corridors that connect them.
How to Cite
De-Nova, J. A., Rubio-Méndez, G., Castillo-Gómez, H. A., Hernández-Sandoval, L., Delgado-Sánchez, P., Espinosa-Reyes, G., Sahagún-Sánchez, F. J., Mora-Olivo, A., & Trujillo, R. G. (2023). Reassessment of the extinction risk status of the ponytail palm Beaucarnea inermis. Biota Neotropica, 23(4). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/2017