Identification guide of dung beetle species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) of the Brazilian Pantanal


  • Adriana Andrade Mota Universidade Federal do Paraná, Departamento de Zoologia, Setor de Ciências Biológicas
  • Edrielly Carvalho Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Entomologia
  • César M. A. Correa Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul, Laboratório de Bioecologia de Scarabaeoidea
  • Fernando Z. Vaz-de-Mello Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Biologia e Zoologia, Av. Fernando Correia da Costa, Coxipó


Abstract The Pantanal is the largest seasonal freshwater wetland on Earth, characterized by the seasonal flooding and complex mosaic vegetation, which determines its biodiversity. Among this biodiversity, dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) are a group of insects that perform important ecological functions, such as: nutrient cycling, seed dispersion and parasite control. In order to mitigate the lack of information on dung beetle fauna of the Brazilian Pantanal, we conducted a bibliographic search of virtually all literature published until november-2020 on dung beetles sampled in the Pantanal. In addition, we had accessed to the records the largest collection of the dung beetle species from Brazilian Pantanal. We recorded 68 dung beetle species of 30 genera. The genera Canthon Holffmanseg 1847 is the most diverse with 13 species recorded. Although our knowledge about the dung beetle fauna in this ecosystem is still incipient, our results demonstrated a high richness of dung beetles in the Brazilian Pantanal. In addition, our study provides first list of dung beetle species and an illustrated dichotomy key to identify genera and some species occurring in the Brazilian Pantanal. Thus, the use of this guide for identification of dung beetle species and a list of species can be important tools to help researchers and provide incentive for new inventories on dung beetle fauna in the Brazilian Pantanal.




How to Cite

Mota, A. A., Carvalho, E., Correa, C. M. A., & Vaz-de-Mello, F. Z. (2023). Identification guide of dung beetle species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) of the Brazilian Pantanal. Biota Neotropica, 23(2). Retrieved from //



Identification Keys