The freshwater fishes from the Costa Verde Fluminense region of southeastern Brazil



Abstract The region between the Brazilian Shield and the Atlantic Ocean is characterized by the presence of numerous hydrographic basins isolated by mountainous terrain that flow directly into the ocean without forming wide coastal plains. However, knowledge about the diversity and distribution of freshwater fish in several coastal areas is still incipient. One of these areas is the Costa Verde Fluminense region, situated between the municipalities of Mangaratiba and Paraty in the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro. In order to eliminate the gap of knowledge about the freshwater fish fauna of this region, we prepared a list of the species, and dichotomous identification keys and illustrations of all species. We examined material from expeditions carried out between 1942 and 2019, deposited in the Ichthyological Collection of the Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The material comes from 29 continental coastal rivers and four drainages on Ilha Grande island. We recognized 54 fish species belonging to 16 families and 9 orders. The order Siluriformes was the most diverse with 18 species, followed by Characiformes with 14 species, Cyprinodontiformes with 10 species, Cichliformes with four species, Gobiiformes with three species, Syngnathiformes with two species, and Gymnotiformes, Salmoniformes and Synbranchiformes with one species each. These records include two putative undescribed species and four introduced species. Phalloceros anisophallos was the most widely distributed species, recorded in 24 drainages. More than a half (52 %) of the native species occur exclusively in coastal streams, demonstrating the importance of the area for biogeographic and conservation studies.




How to Cite

Dopazo, M., Souto-Santos, I. C. de A., Ribeiro de Britto, M., Rangel Moreira, C., & Andreas Buckup, P. (2023). The freshwater fishes from the Costa Verde Fluminense region of southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 23(1). Retrieved from //