Characterization of plant growth-promoting bacteria inhabiting Vriesea gigantea Gaud. and Tillandsia aeranthos (Loiseleur) L.B. Smith (Bromeliaceae)
Keywords:bromeliads, PGPB, diazotrophic bacteria, water tank, siderophore, IAA
AbstractMicroorganisms that live inside and around a plant can supply it with essential substances, such as phytohormones and essential nutrients. The present investigation aimed to isolate and characterize the phyllosphere, the endophytic, and the water tank bacteria associated with Vriesea gigantea and Tillandsia aeranthos. The bacteria were tested for siderophore and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production, phosphate solubilization, and presence of the nif H gene. Genetic diversity of the bacterial isolates was evaluated by rep-PCR. Sixty-eight bacterial strains were isolated from 3 different microhabitats of V. gigantea and from 2 microhabitats of T. aeranthos bromeliad plants. Gram-positive, spore-forming bacilli comprised most bacterial isolates. All isolates produced IAA in vitro in presence of very low amounts of tryptophan. More than 70% of the evaluated bacteria presented the ability of siderophore production and phosphate solubilization, and possessed the nif H gene. It was not possible to distinguish well-defined groups of isolates based on the bromeliad species and microhabitat they inhabit using genetic characterization by rep-PCR. Water tanks presented the most abundant diversity compared with phyllosphere and endophytes, probably due to the high nutrient concentration, which promotes an ideal environment for complex microbial communities.
How to Cite
Giongo, A., Beneduzi, A., Gano, K., Vargas, L. K., Utz, L., & Passaglia, L. M. P. (2013). Characterization of plant growth-promoting bacteria inhabiting Vriesea gigantea Gaud. and Tillandsia aeranthos (Loiseleur) L.B. Smith (Bromeliaceae). Biota Neotropica, 13(3). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1248