Association among wasps' colonies, ants and birds in Central Amazonian


  • Alexandre Somavilla Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
  • Itanna Oliveira Fernandes Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
  • Marcio Luiz de Oliveira Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
  • Orlando Tobias Silveira Faculdade Paraense de Ensino


Azteca ants, Cacicus cela, nests, Polybia rejecta, Synoeca virginea


Some neotropical vespids are known for their association with other insects and vertebrate taxa. In the present study about the wasp diversity in the Ducke Reserve, Manaus, Brazil five active colonies and an abandoned one of Polybia rejecta, and one active colony of Synoeca virginea were found associated with ant nests of Azteca aff. chartifex (Formicidae). A single colony of Polybia rejecta was found beside nests of Cacicus cela (Passeriformes: Icteridae). These associations appear to be related both to protection of the wasps nests by the ants and the protection of the ants nests by the wasps, as well as to protection of the bird nests by the wasps. The wasps take advantage of the tolerance of the ants, nesting near their colonies to obtain protection, so escaping attack by other ant species that feed on the immature wasps. Birds in turn take advantage of protection by these wasps against potential predators. This work adds new data to the study of associations of wasp species found in Central Brazilian Amazon, with descriptions of observed behaviors and photographs of such associations.




How to Cite

Somavilla, A., Fernandes, I. O., Oliveira, M. L. de, & Silveira, O. T. (2013). Association among wasps’ colonies, ants and birds in Central Amazonian. Biota Neotropica, 13(2). Retrieved from //



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