Phylogenetic and functional diversities: new approaches to community Ecology
Keywords:community, complementarity, diversity, niche, phylogeny
AbstractAlthough diversity seems to be the most intuitive ecological concept, no consensual definition has been stated. Traditional diversity measures, which take into account only the number of species and their relative contribution, have little predictive power about the functioning of communities. Diversity measures that include information on phylogenetic relationships among species or their functional traits should be better than the traditional measures. We present a short review of the properties and applications of some diversity measures, emphasizing two recent and promising approaches, the phylogenetic and functional diversities, which have been shown to be more sensitive to detect responses of communities to environmental changes. In phylogenetic diversity, species relatedness is taken into account, whereas in functional diversity traits related with community functioning are considered. We also discuss challenges and perspectives for the use of these two approaches in ecology.
How to Cite
Cianciaruso, M. V., Silva, I. A., & Batalha, M. A. (2009). Phylogenetic and functional diversities: new approaches to community Ecology. Biota Neotropica, 9(3). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/557