Fishes of the Mitú Region: middle basin of the río Vaupés, Colombian Amazon
AbstractAbstract: The Amazon River basin hosts the most diverse freshwater ichthyofauna in the world, and yet huge areas of the basin remain unexplored. This is the case for the upper tributaries of the rio Negro, especially those draining the Colombian territory. Here we present a list of 224 species derived from the examination of specimens collected in the Mitú region (Vaupés Department, Colombia), the middle basin of the río Vaupés. Of the species identified in our study, 10 species are recorded from Colombia for the first time, and 26 species are newly recorded from the Colombian Amazon. The number of species we present here comprise almost one-third of the known species diversity of the Colombian Amazon and nearly a tenth of the total number of those known across the entirety of the Amazon basin. The most diverse orders were Characiformes (120 species) and Siluriformes (65 species), and the remaining six orders comprised less than 20% of total species. The study area comprised blackwater systems, which are considered to be nutrient-poor environments. We discuss some ecological aspects that might explain how this highly diverse ichthyofauna originates and is maintain in less productive systems. The list presented here adds an important number of new records and complements the information derived from previous studies, carried out thus far with regards to the fish fauna of the Colombian Amazon.
How to Cite
Bogotá-Gregory, J. D., Lima, F. C. T., Donascimiento, C., Acosta-Santos, A., Villa-Navarro, F. A., Usma-Oviedo, J. S., Ortega-Lara, A., Castro-Pulido, W., & Córdoba, E. A. (2022). Fishes of the Mitú Region: middle basin of the río Vaupés, Colombian Amazon. Biota Neotropica, 22(1). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1893