Wild pig (Sus scrofa L.) occupancy patterns in the Brazilian Atlantic forest


  • Carla Grasiele Zanin Hegel Universidade Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai e das Missões, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1680-0072
  • Luane Reis dos Santos Universidade de Brasília, Departamento de Zoologia
  • Mauro Pichorim Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Botânica e Zoologia
  • Miguel Ângelo Marini Universidade de Brasília, Departamento de Zoologia


Occupancy modeling, feral pig, wild boar, landscape, Neotropics


Abstract: Despite the great impacts of invasive wild pig (Sus scrofa) to natural ecosystems, habitat use by this species in the neotropics remains poorly studied. Here, we investigated the effects of local habitat and landscape covariates (vegetation types, running watercourses and roads) on occupancy patterns of wild pig in the Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil. We used single season occupancy modeling to estimate detection (p) and occupancy (ψ) probabilities, using 8-day camera-trap monitoring of 100 sampled sites. The cameras detected wild pig in 64 sites (naïve occupancy = 64 %). The four best models explained 72.7 % of the occupancy patterns, and the top model (with "water" variable) had a weight of 28.5 %. Even though none of the tested variables had high explanatory power of wild pig occupancy, the water variable had a negative effect trend (β = -1.124; SE = 0.734), with 59 % of occupancy when water was present and 82 % when it was absent around the sampling sites. Vestiges of the presence of wild pig in different vegetation types revealed that they used plantations of Pinus sp., native forests, and corn and oat crops. The occupation pattern shows that wild pig are generalist at our study site at the Atlantic Forest being found everywhere, raising ecological and economic concerns about the high potential negative effects of its invasion.




How to Cite

Hegel, C. G. Z., Santos, L. R. dos, Pichorim, M., & Marini, M. Ângelo. (2019). Wild pig (Sus scrofa L.) occupancy patterns in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biota Neotropica, 19(4). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1678




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