Diet and ecomorphology of predator fish species of the Amazonian floodplain lakes
Keywords:Feeding behavior, Morphological Attributes, Predation, Amazonian floodplain lakes
AbstractAbstract: Amazonian floodplain lakes host a high diversity of predatory fish which coexist and exploit the high diversity of available prey. Morphology could be the characteristic most closely associated with their preferred feeding sources (prey). However, it is unclear whether this association is direct or indirect. If it is indirect, swimming performance or preferential position in the water column could be the most evident characteristic. To examine the degree to which fish morphology of predator fish species is correlated to their dietary inputs, we compared the existence of morphological and feeding dissimilarity among eight predator species with the association between predator morphologies and preferred prey. We collected, measured, and sampled the stomach contents of fish from two lowland floodplain lakes associated with the Solimões River, Brazil, in May, August, and November of 2014. Of 187 collected fish across eight species, five species showed fish to be the most important item in their diets and three preferentially ate shrimp. Principal components analyses of ecomorphological attributes divided the species according to their ability to find the prey, swimming performance of the predator, and prey size. While there was significant distinction between the varying morphologies of predators, we were unable to distinguish between the specific diet of these species and did not find a correlation between morphology and feeding. These results are likely due to the fact that there is great abundance and diversity of available prey in the Amazonian floodplain lakes, so opportunistic feeding may be the primary foraging strategy of predator fish species living in these environments.
How to Cite
Cardoso, D. C., deHart, P., Freitas, C. E. de C., & Siqueira-Souza, F. K. (2019). Diet and ecomorphology of predator fish species of the Amazonian floodplain lakes. Biota Neotropica, 19(3). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1649