Distribution and conservation of Aniba Aubl. (Lauraceae Jussieu) species in Brazil


  • Carlos Henrique Franciscon Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
  • Izildinha de Souza Miranda Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Instituto Socioambiental e de Recursos Hídricos


Amazonian, Atlantic Forest, Endemism, Models, Rarity


Abstract: This study conducts a biogeographical review of Aniba in Brazil, including its actual and potential distribution, and a review on the species conservation status. The potential distribution of each Aniba species was modeled using the Brazilian Plants and Fungi Biogeography system, which is interconnected with the SpeciesLink network. A consensus model based on up to five algorithms was used to model the potential distribution of each species. The endemism, conservation status and rarity of each species in Brazil were also analyzed. A total of 3059 records of 30 Brazilian Aniba species were found. In total, 16.1% of the records were excluded because of the lack of valid names, and 53.4% were excluded because of the lack of georeference and name of the person who identified the record. The consensus model showed good results for species with 20 or more pixels. The other species had many errors, and their models could only be used to determine new areas for collections. Nine species were endemic to Brazil, and only three species showed no indicator of rarity. The geographical distribution of Brazilian Aniba species shows a predominantly Amazonian pattern. Only four species are not actually found in the Amazon. Some Amazonian species may also be found in Atlantic Forest areas, and many other species have the potential to live there. Our results indicate that only three species have no conservation problems, whereas 14 species have conservation problems, and 13 other species require further population studies to be best evaluated.




How to Cite

Franciscon, C. H., & Miranda, I. de S. (2018). Distribution and conservation of Aniba Aubl. (Lauraceae Jussieu) species in Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 18(3). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1518