Phanerogamic flora and vegetation of Itacolomi State Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Keywords:Brazilian flora, campos rupestres, Iron Quadrangle flora, montane forests, rock outcrop flora, Neotropics
AbstractAbstract Located in the municipalities of Ouro Preto and Mariana, in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero (QF) of Minas Gerais, the Itacolomi State Park (ISP) shelters more than 7,000 ha of remnants of Atlantic Forest and campos rupestres. The QF region has high biodiversity and is being highly impacted, mainly by mining activities. Aiming to organize the available floristic information and to support related research, this study presents the list of phanerogamic species of the ISP and the major vegetation types. This survey was carried out from October/1992 to July/2006, by monthly field trips. Besides authors´ personal collections, other records were assembled from herbarium databank. A total of 1623 taxons belonging to 122 families were listed. The families with higher species richness were Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Melastomataceae, Poaceae and Orchidaceae. The vegetation is represented by campos rupestres (51% of the total area), followed by montane forests (40%) and anthropogenic disturbed areas (9%). The greatest species richness occurs in campos rupestres. Several species are threatened and/or endemic. The knowledge of phanerogamic flora of ISP can help the Management Plan of this Unit of Conservation. It is also a contribution for future-related studies of the flora of ISP, Minas Gerais and Brazil.
How to Cite
Messias, M. C. T. B., Sousa, H. C. de, Scalon, V. R., Roschel, M. B., Cândido, E. S., & Fujaco, M. A. G. (2017). Phanerogamic flora and vegetation of Itacolomi State Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 17(1). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1429