Flood-mediated use of habitat by large and midsized mammals in the Brazilian Pantanal
Keywords:species richness, composition, floods, conservation, use of space
AbstractThe Brazilian Pantanal comprises a mosaic of forest and field environments harbouring a rich community of large and midsized mammals that are adapted to the annual hydrological cycle. Here we evaluated richness and composition of large and midsized mammals inhabiting forested and open habitats affected by yearly floods in the Pantanal in Cáceres from October 2009 to September 2010. We compared these communities in marshes, dry forests and riparian forests based on 640 camera-traps.nights, sights, tracks, faecal samples and interviews. We also compared results in a private land (Descalvados Farm) and in a protected area (Taiamã Ecological Station). In total, we sampled 26 large and midsized mammals, including five threatened and two near threatened species. Jaguars, collared peccaries and red-brocket deers were the only mammals recorded at all habitat types, while eleven species were recorded exclusively in one of the habitats. We identified a heterogeneous use of the habitat by the animal community surveyed in all three habitats during the wet and dry season. Furthermore, precipitation and river level affected the use of dry forests and marshes isolated from dry forests. Finally, 62% of large/midsized mammal species present in the surveyed region recorded outside the reserve; therefore, we recommend conservation actions to protect those species and also to preserve unprotected dry forests.
How to Cite
Lázari, P. R. D., Santos-Filho, M. dos, Canale, G. R., & Graipel, M. E. (2013). Flood-mediated use of habitat by large and midsized mammals in the Brazilian Pantanal. Biota Neotropica, 13(2). Retrieved from //www.biotaneotropica.org.br/BN/article/view/1204