Changes in the Brazilian forest code: potential impacts on the ichthyofauna
Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas - IBILCE, Rua Cristóvão Colombo, 2265,
CEP 15054-000, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil
conservation, stream, fishes, habitat loss
In this paper is presented an analysis of possible impacts that the reduction of native vegetation, especially riparian forests, can have on the fish fauna. Three sets of primary functional aspects performed by riparian forests are discussed: transferring of solar energy to the aquatic environment, trapping nutrients and sediments that enter the rivers and transfer of organic material between the terrestrial and aquatic environments. Any modification which results in further loss of native vegetation, whether in permanent preservation areas or in protection reserves, may generate losses of species, faunal homogenization and reduction of fish biomass.