Vol 9 Num 4




Species composition of climbers in seasonal semideciduous forest fragments of Southeastern Brazil

Karin dos Santos

Swedish Museum of Natural History
Department of Phanerogamic Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History, SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden
email: Karin.santos@nrm.se

Luiza Sumiko Kinoshita

Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, C.P. 6109, Campinas, SP 13083-970, Brasil
Andréia Alves Rezende

Centro Universitário de Rio Preto
Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Rua Yvette Gabriel Atique, 45, 15025-400 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil.

keywords
lianas, climbing mechanism, floristic, similarity,NMS

publication date: 11-16-2009





Abstract
In this study we evaluated floristic composition patterns of communities of climbers within ten inventories carried out in semideciduous forest fragments of southeastern Brazil. One of the inventories is original, being carried out for the present study in Ribeirão Cachoeira forest, Campinas, São Paulo State, Southeastern Brazil. This inventory was then pooled together to other nine climbers’ inventories made in other forests of Southeastern Brazil to form a data base, which was examined regarding species richness, similarity, species distribution and climbing methods. The total number of species obtained was 355, belonging to 145 genera and 43 families. The ten most diverse families Bignoniaceae (45 species), Fabaceae (42), Malpighiaceae (36), Asteraceae (31), Apocynaceae (29), Sapindaceae (28), Convolvulaceae (21), Cucurbitaceae (14), Passifloraceae (10), and Euphorbiaceae (8) contributed to 74.4% of the total number of species recorded. The most common climbing method in the studied sites was main stem or branch twining, accounting for 178 species or 50.1% of the total, the second one was tendril climbing (121 species, 34.1 %), and the least, scrambling (56 species, 15.8%). We found a high percentage of exclusive species i.e., those occurring in only one forest site, which accounted for 49.3% of the total recorded. The mean similarity among forest sites (30%) may be considered low. The climbing species contribution to the total wood plant richness recorded on the forests sites was very high in some of the sites (up to 52.5%). These results indicated the importance of climber communities to plant diversity for semideciduous forests in Southeastern Brazil, enhancing the regional diversity and the conservation value of these forest remnants.

how to quote this paper
Santos, K.; Kinoshita, L. S. and Rezende, A. A. Species composition of climbers in seasonal semideciduous forest fragments of Southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotrop.  Oct/Dec 2009 vol. 9, no. 4 http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v9n4/en/abstract?article+bn02409042009 ISSN 1676-0603.



Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Fapesp
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq
© BIOTA NEOTROPICA, 2009