Vol 11 Num 1a




Checklist of mammals from São Paulo State, Brazil

Mario de Vivo

Universidade de São Paulo
Museu de Zoologia - CEP 04263-000, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Ana Paula Carmignotto

Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Campus Sorocaba, CEP 18052-780, Sorocaba, SP, Brasil
email: apcarmig@gmail.com

Renato Gregorin

Universidade Federal de Lavras
Depto. de Biologia - CEP 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brasil
Erika Hingst-Zaher

Instituto Butantan
Museu Biológico - CEP 05503-900, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Gilson E. Iack-Ximenes

Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia
Zoologia Depto. de Ciências Naturais - Campus de Vitória da Conquista, CEP 45083-900, Vitória da Conquista, BA, Brasil
Michel Miretzki

Instituto Histórico e Geográfico do Paraná
CEP 80010-000, Curitiba, PR, Brasil
Alexandre R. Percequillo

Universidade de São Paulo
Depto. de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"- CEP 13418-900, Piracicaba, SP, Brasil
Mario M. Rollo Jr

Universidade Estadual Paulista
Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista - CEP 11330-900, São Vicente, SP, Brasil
Rogério V. Rossi

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso
Depto. de Biologia e Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências - CEP 78060-900, Cuiabá, MT, Brasil
Valdir A. Taddei

in memoriam

keywords
mammals; biodiversity of the State of São Paulo; BIOTA/FAPESP Program

publication date: 12-15-2010





Abstract
São Paulo harbors 230 mammal species until now. This is an estimate of its real diversity since many regions of the State continue poorly surveyed, and also reflects the lack of taxonomic work for certain mammal taxa. Nevertheless, our knowledge of the São Paulo mammals has increased in 20% in the last 12 years, especially in relation to bats and rodents. These new data are based in mammal inventories and also in the analysis of specimens housed in scientific collections associated with taxonomic revisions. We also know better about the mammal distribution in the distinct vegetation units present in the State, permitting us to divide the mammals in three distinct components: the most important one is the generalists, represented by species occurring in every landscape in the State, while the second one concentrates species inhabiting the open formations, and the third component the species associated with the forest formations. Besides, the number of studies dealing with the effect of fragmentation and the permeability of mammals in altered areas also has increased. Occurrence, abundance and vulnerability data were essential to raise strategies in order to choose priority areas and to indicate priority actions to conserve the mammals of the State, as well as to classify the species in the different proposed threaten categories, culminating in the List of the Threaten Species of the São Paulo State. However, there are many points yet poorly developed or poorly known, such as the limited number of zoological samples, and the lack of information about the ecology and natural history of many species, respectively. It’s extremely important that we increase our samples in the scientific collections, especially in areas of Dense Ombrofilous Forests, in the Cerrado fragments, as well as in central and western areas of the State that continue poorly surveyed. The objective is to produce more taxonomic work in several mammalian groups, and also studies focusing in the phylogeography and in the population genetics in order to effectively diagnose the mammal richness of the State, as well as the evolutionary processes responsible for this diversification. Additionally, ecological data accompanying this information is needed in order to evaluate the conservation status of the São Paulo mammals to decide about the better strategies to manage and conserve these mammals.
Number of species
In the world: 5490
In Brazil: 652
Estimated in São Paulo State: 230

how to quote this paper
de Vivo, M., Carmignotto, A.P., Gregorin, R., Hingst-Zaher, E., Iack-Ximenes, G.E., Miretzki, M., Percequillo, A.R., Rollo., M.M., Rossi, R.V. and Taddei V.A. Checklist of mammals from São Paulo State, Brazil. Biota Neotrop.  vol. 11 no. 1a: http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n1a/en/abstract?inventory+bn0071101a2011

Cited species
check for this species in other resources Abrawayaomys  ruschii 
check for this species in other resources Akodon  cursor 
check for this species in other resources Akodon  montensis 
check for this species in other resources Akodon  paranaensis 
check for this species in other resources Akodon  sanctipaulensis 
check for this species in other resources Akodon  serrensis 
check for this species in other resources Alouatta  caraya 
check for this species in other resources Alouatta  clamitans 
check for this species in other resources Anoura  caudifer 
check for this species in other resources Anoura  geoffroyi 
check for this species in other resources Artibeus  cinereus 
check for this species in other resources Artibeus  fimbriatus 
check for this species in other resources Artibeus  lituratus 
check for this species in other resources Artibeus  obscurus 
check for this species in other resources Artibeus  planirostris 
check for this species in other resources Balaenoptera  acutorostrata 
check for this species in other resources Balaenoptera  edeni 
check for this species in other resources Balaenoptera  musculus 
check for this species in other resources Balaenoptera  physalus 
check for this species in other resources Berardius  arnuxii 
check for this species in other resources Bibimys  labiosus 
check for this species in other resources Blarinomys  breviceps 
check for this species in other resources Blastocerus  dichotomus 
check for this species in other resources Brachyteles  arachnoides 
check for this species in other resources Bradypus  variegatus 
check for this species in other resources Brucepattersonius  igniventris 
check for this species in other resources Brucepattersonius  soricinus 
check for this species in other resources Cabassous  tatouay 
check for this species in other resources Callicebus  nigrifrons 
check for this species in other resources Callithrix  aurita 
check for this species in other resources Callithrix  penicillata 
check for this species in other resources Calomys  tener 
check for this species in other resources Caluromys  lanatus 
check for this species in other resources Caluromys  philander 
check for this species in other resources Carollia  perspicillata 
check for this species in other resources Cavia  aperea 
check for this species in other resources Cavia  fulgida 
check for this species in other resources Cebus  libidinosus 
check for this species in other resources Cebus  nigritus 
check for this species in other resources Cerdocyon  thous 
check for this species in other resources Cerradomys  scotti 
check for this species in other resources Cerradomys  subflavus 
check for this species in other resources Chiroderma  doriae 
check for this species in other resources Chiroderma  villosum 
check for this species in other resources Chironectes  minimus 
check for this species in other resources Chrotopterus  auritus 
check for this species in other resources Chrysocyon  brachyurus 
check for this species in other resources Clyomys  laticeps 
check for this species in other resources Coendou  prehensilis 
check for this species in other resources Conepatus  semistriatus 
check for this species in other resources Cryptonanus 
check for this species in other resources Cuniculus  paca 
check for this species in other resources Cynomops  abrasus 
check for this species in other resources Cynomops  planirostris 
check for this species in other resources Dasyprocta  azarae 
check for this species in other resources Dasyprocta  leporina 
check for this species in other resources Dasypus  novemcinctus 
check for this species in other resources Dasypus  septemcinctus 
check for this species in other resources Delomys  dorsalis 
check for this species in other resources Delomys  sublineatus 
check for this species in other resources Delphinus  capensis 
check for this species in other resources Desmodus  rotundus 
check for this species in other resources Diaemus  youngi 
check for this species in other resources Diclidurus  scutatus 
check for this species in other resources Didelphis  albiventris 
check for this species in other resources Didelphis  aurita 
check for this species in other resources Diphylla  ecaudata 
check for this species in other resources Eira  barbara 
check for this species in other resources Eptesicus  brasiliensis 
check for this species in other resources Eptesicus  diminutus 
check for this species in other resources Eptesicus  furinalis 
check for this species in other resources Eptesicus  taddeii 
check for this species in other resources Eubalaena  australis 
check for this species in other resources Eumops  auripendulus 
check for this species in other resources Eumops  glaucinus 
check for this species in other resources Eumops  hansae 
check for this species in other resources Eumops  maurus 
check for this species in other resources Eumops  perotis 
check for this species in other resources Euphractus  sexcinctus 
check for this species in other resources Euryoryzomys  russatus 
check for this species in other resources Euryzygomatomys  spinosus 
check for this species in other resources Feresa  attenuta 
check for this species in other resources Furipterus  horrens 
check for this species in other resources Galictis  cuja 
check for this species in other resources Globicephala  macrorhynchus 
check for this species in other resources Glossophaga  soricina 
check for this species in other resources Glyphonycteris  sylvestris 
check for this species in other resources Gracilinanus  agilis 
check for this species in other resources Gracilinanus  microtarsus 
check for this species in other resources Guerlinguetus  ingrami 
check for this species in other resources Histiotus  velatus 
check for this species in other resources Holochilus  brasiliensis 
check for this species in other resources Hydrochoerus  hydrochaeris 
check for this species in other resources Hylaeamys  megacephalus 
check for this species in other resources Juliomys  pictipes 
check for this species in other resources Juliomys  ossitenuis 
check for this species in other resources Kannabateomys  amblyonyx 
check for this species in other resources Kogia  breviceps 
check for this species in other resources Kogia  sima 
check for this species in other resources Lampronycteris  brachyotis 
check for this species in other resources Lasiurus  blossevillii 
check for this species in other resources Lasiurus  cinereus 
check for this species in other resources Lasiurus  ebenus 
check for this species in other resources Lasiurus  ega 
check for this species in other resources Leontopithecus  caissara 
check for this species in other resources Leontopithecus  chrysopygus 
check for this species in other resources Leopardus  pardalis 
check for this species in other resources Leopardus  tigrinus 
check for this species in other resources Leopardus  wiedii 
check for this species in other resources Lissodelphis  peronii 
check for this species in other resources Lonchorhina  aurita 
check for this species in other resources Lontra  longicaudis 
check for this species in other resources Lutreolina  crassicaudata 
check for this species in other resources Lycalopex  vetulus 
check for this species in other resources Macrophyllum  macrophyllum 
check for this species in other resources Marmosops  incanus 
check for this species in other resources Marmosops  paulensis 
check for this species in other resources Mazama  americana 
check for this species in other resources Mazama  bororo 
check for this species in other resources Mazama  gouazoubira 
check for this species in other resources Mazama  nana 
check for this species in other resources Megaptera  novaengliae 
check for this species in other resources Mesoplodon  europaeus 
check for this species in other resources Mesoplodon  mirus 
check for this species in other resources Metachirus  nudicaudatus 
check for this species in other resources Micoureus  paraguayanus 
check for this species in other resources Micronycteris  brosseti 
check for this species in other resources Micronycteris  megalotis 
check for this species in other resources Micronycteris  microtis 
check for this species in other resources Mimon  bennettii 
check for this species in other resources Mimon  crenulatum 
check for this species in other resources Molossops  neglectus 
check for this species in other resources Molossops  temminckii 
check for this species in other resources Molossus  aztecus 
check for this species in other resources Molossus  molossus 
check for this species in other resources Molossus  rufus 
check for this species in other resources Monodelphis  americana 
check for this species in other resources Monodelphis  iheringi 
check for this species in other resources Monodelphis  kunsi 
check for this species in other resources Monodelphis  scalops 
check for this species in other resources Monodelphis  sorex 
check for this species in other resources Monodelphis  theresa 
check for this species in other resources Monodelphis  unistriata 
check for this species in other resources Myotis  albescens 
check for this species in other resources Myotis  alter 
check for this species in other resources Myotis  levis 
check for this species in other resources Myotis  nigricans 
check for this species in other resources Myotis  riparius 
check for this species in other resources Myotis  ruber 
check for this species in other resources Myrmecophaga  tridactyla 
check for this species in other resources Nasua  nasua 
check for this species in other resources Natalus  espiritosantensis 
check for this species in other resources Necromys  lasiurus 
check for this species in other resources Nectomys  squamipes 
check for this species in other resources Noctilio  albiventris 
check for this species in other resources Noctilio  leporinus 
check for this species in other resources Nyctinomops  aurispinosus 
check for this species in other resources Nyctinomops  laticaudatus 
check for this species in other resources Nyctinomops  macrotis 
check for this species in other resources Oecomys  catherinae 
check for this species in other resources Oligoryzomys  flavescens 
check for this species in other resources Oligoryzomys  fornesi 
check for this species in other resources Oligoryzomys  nigripes 
check for this species in other resources Orcinus  orca 
check for this species in other resources Oxymycterus  dasytrichus 
check for this species in other resources Oxymycterus  delator 
check for this species in other resources Oxymycterus  judex 
check for this species in other resources Ozotoceros  bezoarticus 
check for this species in other resources Panthera  onca 
check for this species in other resources Pecari  tajacu 
check for this species in other resources Peropteryx  kappleri 
check for this species in other resources Peropteryx  macrotis 
check for this species in other resources Phaenomys  ferrugineus 
check for this species in other resources Philander  frenatus 
check for this species in other resources Phylloderma  stenops 
check for this species in other resources Phyllomys  kerri 
check for this species in other resources Phyllomys  medius 
check for this species in other resources Phyllomys  nigrispinus 
check for this species in other resources Phyllomys  pattoni 
check for this species in other resources Phyllomys  sulinus 
check for this species in other resources Phyllomys  thomasi 
check for this species in other resources Phyllostomus  discolor 
check for this species in other resources Phyllostomus  hastatus 
check for this species in other resources Physeter  macrocephalus 
check for this species in other resources Platyrrhinus  incarium 
check for this species in other resources Platyrrhinus  lineatus 
check for this species in other resources Platyrrhinus  recifinus 
check for this species in other resources Pontoporia  blainvillei 
check for this species in other resources Priodontes  maximus 
check for this species in other resources Procyon  cancrivorus 
check for this species in other resources Promops  nasutus 
check for this species in other resources Pseudorca  crassidens 
check for this species in other resources Pseudoryzomys  simplex 
check for this species in other resources Pteronura  brasiliensis 
check for this species in other resources Puma  concolor 
check for this species in other resources Puma  yagouaroundi 
check for this species in other resources Pygoderma  bilabiatum 
check for this species in other resources Rhagomys  rufescens 
check for this species in other resources Rhipidomys  mastacalis 
check for this species in other resources Rhipidomys 
check for this species in other resources Saccopteryx  leptura 
check for this species in other resources Sooretamys  angouya 
check for this species in other resources Sotalia  guianensis 
check for this species in other resources Speothos  venaticus 
check for this species in other resources Sphiggurus  villosus 
check for this species in other resources Stenella  frontalis 
check for this species in other resources Stenella  longirostris 
check for this species in other resources Steno  bredanensis 
check for this species in other resources Sturnira  lilium 
check for this species in other resources Sturnira  tildae 
check for this species in other resources Sylvilagus  brasiliensis 
check for this species in other resources Tadarida  brasiliensis 
check for this species in other resources Tamandua  tetradactyla 
check for this species in other resources Tapirus  terrestris 
check for this species in other resources Tayassu  pecari 
check for this species in other resources Thaptomys  nigrita 
check for this species in other resources Thrichomys  apereoides 
check for this species in other resources Thylamys  velutinus 
check for this species in other resources Thyroptera  tricolor 
check for this species in other resources Tonatia  bidens 
check for this species in other resources Trachops  cirrhosus 
check for this species in other resources Trinomys  dimidiatus 
check for this species in other resources Trinomys  iheringi 
check for this species in other resources Tursiops  truncatus 
check for this species in other resources Uroderma  bilobatum 
check for this species in other resources Vampyressa  pusilla 
check for this species in other resources Vampyrodes  caraccioli 
check for this species in other resources Ziphius  cavirostris 



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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq
© BIOTA NEOTROPICA, 2011